5G technology has become the standard in data transfer. Its major difference is its speed: between 10 and 25 gigabits/second. The 3G data transfer rate is between 1 to 3 megabits and 4G about 1 gigabit each second.
Another benefit is the high bandwidth. 5G signals will cover more than a million devices every square kilometer while resisting overloads. The technology will reduce time delays between the sender (and the receiver) which will improve functionality, such as robots or uncrewed vehicle.
The negative impact will be caused by the 5G cost. Operators say it can cost more than 4G and 3G.
Who develops 5G?
China and the United States are two of the largest competitors to 5G in terms of development and launch.
They are AT&T Inc. (USA) and Verizon. Qualcomm, the network equipment and software company, is behind these two great American telecoms giants. She introduced processors (Snapdragon and Snapdragon 1000) for smartphones and laptops in 2018 to support 5G.
China Unicom, a communications operator from China, is already regarded as an active participant in the 5G first call. However, it was only a test call. The call was made in collaboration with ZTE (one of the world’s most important producers of telecommunications equipment). China Telecom and China Mobile are two other operators that contributed to the invention of technology. Both conducted pilot 5G connections in select cities, and set up their own networks. It is clear that China is moving in the direction 6G.
On the basis of this, it is interesting to recall that in April 2018, San Marino was made the first European nation with 5G coverage. Nokia and TIM, an Italian telecommunications company, launched the technology in this tiny country.
What is the challenge of starting 5G
The main cause of this injustice is lack of technology support from gadgets.
Motorola Z3 is considered to be the first smartphone available for mass consumption that supports 5G. The model, priced at $ 500 was launched last summer. She is currently awaiting the start of work by the American operator Verizon on the new generation of its network. Huawei showcases a 5G development strategy.
Chinese modems now support data download speeds exceeding 2 gigabits a second. Huawei executives said that their 5G smartphone, which will be released in June 2019, would be announced at one of the World Economic Forum’s conferences in Davos.
Xiaomi, an expert in smart phones, introduced the Xiaomi Mi Mix 3 last fall. It also supports super-fast connections.
Many iPhone users will have no choice but to wait for the iPhone with its fast Internet. Apple almost refuses to follow the global trend and promises a 5G smartphone in 2020.
Samsung will soon launch a Galaxy S10 X with 5G support. The device will be officially presented on February 20th.
When and where will 5G come to the market?
China’s Guangzhou is one of many places that has already taken advantage of the technology’s advantages.
American company AT & T Inc. launched the 5G network during a test phase in Louisville, New Orleans. Dallas, Atlanta. Jacksonville. Charlotte. Houston. Indianapolis. Oklahoma City. In the middle of the 2018 year, she had planned to sell new tariff plans and hot spots. Verizon Wireless offers 5G Internet service to its subscribers at a monthly price of $ 50 – 70.
The European Commission said that 5G access should be available in all EU countries by 2020. Italy and the UK are already using the ultra-modern network. Deutsche Telekom promises that 5G will help Germany improve its digital infrastructure. Spanish Telefonica already uses a variety of 5G elaborations, and is continuing to test them.
Orange, a French telecommunications provider, must launch a network this year in 17 major cities across France, Luxembourg and Poland. The new technology continues to develop rapidly in Norway, as well other countries of northern Europe. Scandinavians are keen to see 5G develop and ensure user security.
Because of this, the Government of Norway at the beginning of 2018 refused to cooperate with Huawei. Huawei had been previously accused of transferring data from China to its intelligence services. Canada, Australia, South Korea all follow the global trend.